The Stoney Nakoda are the original “peoples of the mountains” known in our Nakoda language as the Iyarhe Nakoda and previously as the Iyethkabi.
We have continuously used, occupied and possessed our traditional lands since well before contact with the Europeans. Our traditional territory ranged from the Great Plains where we hunted buffalo to the Rocky Mountain foothills and watersheds where we harvested, fished and hunted big game and over the mountain passes to the British Columbia interior.
The Stoney Nakoda Nations (“SNN”) comprised of the Bearspaw First Nation, Chiniki First Nation and Wesley First Nation were signatories to Treaty No. 7 made on September 22, 1877 at Blackfoot Crossing.
At present, the Stoney Nakoda live primarily on six reserves; Stoney Indian Reserves #142, #143, #144 at Mini Thni (Morley) located 65 km. west of Calgary on the Trans-Canada Highway between Calgary and Banff; Rabbit Lake Indian Reserve #142B northwest of Mini Thni (Morley); Eden Valley Indian Reserve #216, located 120 km. south of Mini Thni (Morley) near Longview; and the Bighorn Reserve #144A located 265 km. northwest of Mini Thni (Morley) near Nordegg. As of 2021 the population of SNN was approximately 5,397.